The Eczacıbaşı household’s rise to fame started 100 years in the past in İzmir, the place Süleyman Ferit gained the surname—which means “head pharmacist”—for his high-quality medicines. His grandson, Bülent Eczacıbaşı, is chairman of Eczazıbaşı Holding, now one of Turkey’s largest industrial teams. However the Eczacıbaşı identify can also be famend for patronage of the Istanbul’s cultural scene, from İstanbul Trendy to the Istanbul Biennial and annual music, theater, jazz, and movie festivals.
The Information Istanbul spoke to Bülent Eczacıbaşı to get his ideas on Istanbul’s rise as an inventive and cultural powerhouse, his proudest moments as chairman of Istanbul Basis for Culture and Arts (İKSV), and his favourite sights across the metropolis.
For you, what’s it about Istanbul that makes it such a robust participant within the cultural life of the area and the world?
There are a quantity of elements, however two are particularly essential, I feel. On the one hand, Istanbul is an historic, historic metropolis, with an intricate cultural heritage that spans millennia. This was delivered to everybody’s consideration simply a few years again, once they found Neolithic stays on the Yenikapı port, when digging the Marmaray tunnel. Relics and buildings from quite a few civilizations previous and current can be discovered everywhere in the metropolis, however equally necessary—although much less observed—is the affect of numerous civilizations on the town’s culture, artwork, and crafts.
Then again, Istanbul can also be a younger metropolis—a dynamic, crazily crowded, flourishing middle of modern culture and artwork manufacturing. Simply take a look at the massive quantity of galleries and museums which have opened in recent times, or the theater teams making a identify for themselves internationally. The identical goes for culture and artwork venues; each month there’s a new venue and every single day there are live shows and performances across the metropolis. Because the world has discovered, Istanbul is residence to some of the area’s most essential culture and artwork festivals and biennials.
So the magic formulation, if you want, is that Istanbul combines a wealthy cultural previous with an immense potential and dynamism within the current. And, of course, we should always add that our metropolis additionally has a beautiful location, located as it’s alongside the Bosphorus. There are only a few cities worldwide which have all these attributes.
In distinction, what does Istanbul nonetheless want to succeed in its full cultural potential?
We urgently want to offer extra nourishment to native creativity, whether or not that be financially, educationally, or by offering more room for artistic manufacturing and exhibitions. Our younger society has the artistic potential to form international actions, however it will probably solely achieve this if we offer a lot wanted incentives and help. As such, it’s extraordinarily necessary that private and non-private establishments make culture and humanities one of their prime priorities, if Istanbul is to realize its potential on this regard. Public opinion can also be a essential issue, of course. We have to obtain that essential mass of public opinion that kick-starts the virtuous cycle of funding, cultural manufacturing, and higher demand for culture and the humanities. I’d wish to consider we’re virtually there.
The Eczacıbaşı Group started as a pharmaceutical enterprise, however later the household based a number of giant non-profit artwork establishments. Aside from a love of artwork, what’s the motivation that retains you organizing cultural occasions yearly?
Love of artwork is, of course, important. However equally essential is the view that culture and the humanities have a essential position to play in social and financial improvement. The Istanbul Music Pageant, which gave rise to the Istanbul Basis for Culture and Arts (İKSV), was established by my father, Dr. Nejat F. Eczacıbaşı, who beloved music—particularly classical music. He earnestly believed that Turkey had a lot to study from the common values of music and that higher understanding and appreciation might be greatest inspired by means of reside performances by the world’s greatest musicians.
Over time, İKSV prolonged this mission to different artwork branches, in order that we now have movie, theater, and jazz festivals in addition to the Istanbul Music Pageant and two biennials: the Istanbul Biennial and the Design Biennial. In every of these, we attempt to create encounters between native and common values, in addition to conventional and modern values; to encourage artistic and important considering and cultural self-awareness, and to place Istanbul among the many world’s foremost capitals of culture and the humanities.
And the way did Istanbul Trendy come into being?
My father additionally initiated what later turned the Eczacıbaşı Group’s assortment of trendy artwork from Turkey. Over time, and with many new acquisitions, this assortment merely turned too giant to stay a personal, company assortment. Like many collectors, we started to search for methods to share our assortment with the general public. At the moment, now 30-40 years in the past, it was already clear to us that a main metropolis like Istanbul couldn’t be with out a museum of trendy artwork. What I’m about to say is hopefully apparent to everybody now, however on the time, we have been solely simply starting to know the central position that museums play in culture and the humanities—not simply by way of exhibiting artwork, but in addition in creating a widespread reminiscence of its heritage and evolution, establishing the benchmarks and turning factors of its historical past, imagining its future potential.
Equally necessary, museums have a central position to play in introducing this story and the good selection and expertise of our artists to the world. I do know it will appear unimaginable now, in mild of the massive quantity of museums and galleries that Istanbul has at this time, however till the inspiration of İstanbul Trendy in December 2004, there was no place to ship worldwide guests who have been within the evolution of Turkey’s trendy and modern artwork.
In any case, the Eczacıbaşı Group primarily took on the duty of fixing this drawback within the early 1980s. Oya, my spouse, spent about 20 years on the lookout for a appropriate venue, discovering sponsors, and getting ready the human assets wanted for such a new enterprise. Lastly in December 2004, with the essential help of the Istanbul Municipality and a quantity of people and establishments, we have been capable of open Turkey’s first museum targeted solely on trendy and modern artwork.
Which occasions have you ever made you most proud since turning into İKSV chairman in 2010, and why?
It’s very thrilling to be actively concerned within the group of İKSV occasions; you witness first-hand how a lot you possibly can obtain with a restricted price range, the way you form the general public’s notion of culture and humanities, and the way nice an effort İKSV employees put into every occasion. If I need to specify a specific occasion, I must say the Istanbul Design Biennial and the Turkey Pavilion on the Venice Biennale.
I’ve been an lively member of the Istanbul Design Biennial workforce from the very starting, when it was simply an concept we have been throwing round. We held our first Design Biennial in 2012 and already the occasion has turn out to be one of probably the most talked about design biennials worldwide. With respect to the Turkey Pavilion, I’m very proud that İKSV was capable of get hold of the help wanted to determine a everlasting exhibition area for Turkey on the Venice Biennale. With the beneficiant contributions of 21 establishments, we obtained a year-round venue in a single of probably the most fascinating buildings on the Biennale, the Sale d’Armi, Arsenale, for the period of 20 years. As a outcome, we’re now capable of exhibit on the Worldwide Architectural Exhibition as properly. I’m very happy that İKSV has led a challenge that when once more highlights to a world viewers our nation’s super artistic capability.
Can we anticipate any new plans for İKSV or İstanbul Trendy within the close to future? For instance, has the museum discovered a new location for itself if the Galataport challenge goes forward?
İKSV has a highly effective construction in phrases of culture and the humanities however, for our long-term future, we have to strengthen our monetary construction additional. That’s why one of our prime priorities within the interval forward is finishing work aimed toward attaining that. Afterwards, we will set our sights as far upward and ahead as we like.
In relation to İstanbul Trendy, we’re targeted now on organizing our cultural and artwork actions in such a method as to attenuate the impact of the momentary transfer on our program and audiences. This implies rigorously contemplating all features of the museum’s actions every time we make a choice, which is sort of complicated and time-consuming. However we should do it that approach, as a result of the choices we make will have an effect on all of Istanbul, even future generations. And our objective is to make sure that Istanbul has a world-class museum constructing that befits the town’s distinctive architectural heritage.
The quantity of personal museums and galleries in Istanbul has elevated tremendously within the final twenty years. How do you anticipate the town’s cultural scene to evolve in future?
You’re completely proper, the final 20 years have seen critical curiosity, pleasure and funding within the arts. Witnessing this transformation and taking duty is of course very gratifying. However it nonetheless isn’t sufficient. If we examine ourselves with Europe, we’re solely originally of the journey. Funding in culture and the humanities must be regular, secure, and long-term. People and establishments that pledge to help the humanities want to comprehend it’s a long-term dedication. The artwork world at present requires worldwide collaboration and worldwide visibility and that requires regular funding.
Don’t overlook that we’re not alone within the rising artwork world. Many nations understand now that investments in culture and the humanities contribute to strategic aggressive benefit. On the similar time, you don’t have to be a genius to see that the culture and humanities business in Turkey is sure to proceed leaping ahead because of its giant, younger, city inhabitants. Turkey has exceptional potential on this regard, as we mentioned earlier, however we’d like rigorously devised tasks, well-targeted funding, and higher public consciousness and curiosity.
With the Kanyon purchasing middle, the Eczacıbaşı Group contributed to Istanbul’s architectural panorama as nicely. In phrases of architectural magnificence, what are your favourite buildings within the metropolis?
There are innumerable buildings in Istanbul that fall into the class of excellent works of structure, however I’ll need to admit I’ve two favorites: Mimar Sinan’s Süleymaniye Mosque and the Manifaturacılar Çarşısı (now recognized primarily as IMÇ) in its unique design by architects Doğan Tekeli, Sami Sisa, and Metin Hepgüler, earlier than modifications and additions have been made within the 1980s.
You’re clearly a busy man, however let’s say that you’ve an empty day in Istanbul. How would you spend it?
If I had an empty day, I’d have a good lengthy breakfast at house after which, relying on the season, I’d do some sports activities—both swimming or snowboarding. After lunch, I’d go to a museum or gallery after which, after dinner in some quiet locale, I’d go to a live performance or the theater. I’ve to say, even dreaming about that is enjoyable.
Do you’ve got a favourite eating spot?
For me, consuming out in Istanbul means consuming fish. Often I select a fish restaurant, and there are numerous eating places to select from. However, we mustn’t overlook the excellent kebab eating places in our metropolis, both. Hmm, exhausting selection…
For those who have been displaying a customer across the metropolis, what lesser-known sights or issues to attempt would you advocate?
With their distinctive panoramic views, some of my favourite lesser-known spots within the metropolis are: Yuşa Tepesi, the hill above Beykoz; Aya Yorgi Church and its environs on Büyükada; and Mihrabat Korusu on the hill above Kanlıca.
( perform( d, s, id )
var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName( s );
if ( d.getElementById( id ) ) return;
js = d.createElement( s ); js.id = id;
js.src = “//connect.facebook.net/en_US/sdk.js#xfbml=1&version=v2.5&appId=”;
fjs.parentNode.insertBefore( js, fjs );
( doc, ‘script’, ‘facebook-jssdk’ ) );